Basics

Accessing GAP from Julia

Any global GAP variable and function can be access from Julia via the GAP.Globals object; for example GAP.Globals.Binomial(5,3).

The GAP.prompt command can be used to switch to a GAP session that works like a regular GAP, except that leaving it (via quit; or by pressing Ctrl-D) returns one to a Julia prompt. From the GAP prompt, one can access Julia variables via the Julia object, for example Julia.binomial(5,3). For more details on how to access Julia from GAP, please consult the manual of the GAP package JuliaInterface.

Alternatively, one can start GAP in the traditional way, by executing a shell script. Such a script can be created in a location of your choice via GAP.create_gap_sh.

GAP.GlobalsConstant
Globals

This is a global object that gives access to all global variables of the current GAP session via getproperty and setproperty!.

Examples

julia> GAP.Globals.Size    # a global GAP function
GAP: <Attribute "Size">

julia> GAP.Globals.size    # there is no GAP variable with this name
ERROR: GAP variable size not bound
[...]

julia> hasproperty( GAP.Globals, :size )
false

julia> GAP.Globals.size = 17;

julia> hasproperty( GAP.Globals, :size )
true

julia> GAP.Globals.size
17

julia> GAP.Globals.Julia   # Julia objects can be values of GAP variables
Main
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GAP.evalstrFunction
evalstr(cmd::String)

Let GAP execute the command(s) given by cmd; if an error occurs then report this error, otherwise if the last command has a result then return it, otherwise return nothing.

Examples

julia> GAP.evalstr( "1+2" )
3

julia> GAP.evalstr( "x:= []" )
GAP: [  ]

julia> GAP.evalstr( "y:= 2; Add( x, 1 )" )

julia> GAP.evalstr( "x" )
GAP: [ 1 ]
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GAP.promptFunction
prompt()

Start a GAP prompt where you can enter GAP commands as in a regular GAP session. This prompt can be left as any GAP prompt by either entering quit; or pressing ctrl-D, which returns to the Julia prompt.

This GAP prompt allows to quickly switch between writing Julia and GAP code in a session where all data is shared.

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GAP.create_gap_shFunction
create_gap_sh(dstdir::String)

Given a directory path, create three files in that directory:

  • a shell script named gap.sh which acts like the gap.sh shipped with a regular GAP installation, but which behind the scenes launches GAP via Julia.
  • two TOML files, Manifest.toml and Project.toml, which are required by gap.sh to function (they record the precise versions of GAP.jl and other Julia packages involved)
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Accessing Julia from GAP

The GAP-Julia interface is fully bidirectional, so it is also possible to access all Julia functionality from GAP. To learn more about this, please consult the manual of the GAP package JuliaInterface.

Types

GAP.FFEType
FFE

Wrap a pointer to a GAP FFE ("finite field element") immediate object. This type is defined in the JuliaInterface C code.

Examples

julia> x = GAP.Globals.Z(3)
GAP: Z(3)

julia> typeof(x)
FFE
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GAP.GapObjType
GapObj

This is the Julia type of all those GAP objects that are not "immediate" (booleans, small integers, FFEs).

Examples

julia> typeof( GAP.evalstr( "[ 1, 2 ]" ) ) # a GAP list
GapObj

julia> typeof( GAP.evalstr( "rec()" ) )    # a GAP record
GapObj

julia> typeof( GAP.evalstr( "(1,2,3)" ) )  # a GAP permutation
GapObj

julia> typeof( GAP.evalstr( "2^64" ) )     # a large GAP integer
GapObj

julia> typeof( GAP.evalstr( "2^59" ) )     # a small GAP integer
Int64

julia> typeof( GAP.evalstr( "Z(2)" ) )     # a GAP FFE
FFE

julia> typeof( GAP.evalstr( "true" ) )     # a boolean
Bool

Note that this is Julia's viewpoint on GAP objects. From the viewpoint of GAP, also the pointers to Julia objects are implemented as "non-immediate GAP objects", but they appear as Julia objects to Julia, not "doubly wrapped".

Examples

julia> GAP.evalstr( "Julia.Base" )
Base

julia> typeof( GAP.evalstr( "Julia.Base" ) )        # native Julia object
Module

One can use GapObj as a constructor, in order to convert Julia objects to GAP objects. Such calls are delegated to julia_to_gap.

However, this is restricted to outputs that actually are of type GapObj. To also deal with GAP integers, finite field elements and booleans, use GAP.Obj instead.

Examples

julia> GapObj(1//3)
GAP: 1/3

julia> GapObj([1 2; 3 4])
GAP: [ [ 1, 2 ], [ 3, 4 ] ]

julia> GapObj(42)
ERROR: TypeError: in typeassert, expected GapObj, got a value of type Int64
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GAP.ObjType
GAP.Obj

This is an alias for Union{GapObj,FFE,Int64,Bool}. This type union covers all types a "native" GAP object may have from Julia's viewpoint.

Moreover, it can be used as a constructor, in order to convert Julia objects to GAP objects, whenever a suitable conversion has been defined.

Examples

julia> GAP.Obj(1//3)
GAP: 1/3

julia> GAP.Obj([1 2; 3 4])
GAP: [ [ 1, 2 ], [ 3, 4 ] ]

julia> GAP.Obj(42)
42
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GAP.GapIntType
GapInt

Any GAP integer object is represened in Julia as either a GapObj (if it is a "large" integer) or as an Int (if it is a "small" integer). This type union can be used to express this conveniently, e.g. when one wants to help type stability.

Note that also GAP's infinity and -infinity fit under this type (as do many other objects which are not numbers).

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