Integers mod n

Integers mod $n$ are implemented via the Singular n_Zn type for any positive modulus that can fit in a Julia Int.

The associated ring of integers mod $n$ is represented by a parent object which can be constructed by a call to the ResidueRing constructor.

The types of the parent objects and elements of the associated rings of integers modulo n are given in the following table according to the library providing them.

LibraryElement typeParent type

All integer mod $n$ element types belong directly to the abstract type RingElem and all the parent object types belong to the abstract type Ring.

Integer mod $n$ functionality

Singular.jl integers modulo $n$ provide all the AbstractAlgebra ring and residue ring functionality.

Parts of the Euclidean Ring interface may also be implemented, though Singular will report an error if division is meaningless (even after cancelling zero divisors).

Below, we describe the functionality that is specific to the Singular integers mod $n$ ring and not already listed at the given links.


Given a ring $R$ of integers modulo $n$, we also have the following coercions in addition to the standard ones expected.


Coerce a Singular or Flint integer value into the ring.

Basic manipulation


R = ResidueRing(ZZ, 26)
a = R(5)

c = characteristic(R)